Gian Luca Gardini is Senior Lecturer in International Relations and Latin
American Politics in the Department of Politics, Languages and International
Studies (POLIS). He is Director of Studies for the Politics master
programmes at POLIS (Euromaster, MAIR, MIREP, MAIS & MRes).
He is also the Coordinator of the Bath
Latin American Network (BATLAM) and served as Deputy Director
of the European Research Institute
- ERI - (2007-2010)
Dr Gardini joined the University of Bath in 2006. He graduated
in International and Diplomatic Affairs, cum laude, from the University
of Trieste, and obtained his MPhil and PhD in International Relations
from the University of Cambridge. He also holds a Postgraduate Certificate
in European Studies from the Italian Centre for International Economic
Cooperation. His main research interests cover the International
Relations of Latin America, international organization, regional
integration, foreign policy formation and issues of international
power, order and institutions. His works have been published in
the UK, Europe, North and Latin America. Dr Gardini previously taught
at the University of Cambridge, he was visiting Scholar at the Universities
of Belgrano and Brasilia and a visiting Lecturer at Shandong University,
PRC. He is currently Associate Fellow of the Institute for the Study
of the Americas at the University of London and Erasmus Visiting
Lecturer at the Universities of Bologna and Udine in Italy. He also
acted as a practitioner of International and EU affairs. He was
project manager for several EU consulting firms, Representative
to the EU of the Italian Confederation of Industry, and International
Trade Advisor to EUROCHAMBRES,
the European Association of Chambers of Commerce and Industry.
Office hours: Please book a slot via email (firstname.lastname@example.org). Office
location: 1WN 4.2a
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THE BOOK LAUNCH AT CANNING HOUSE ON YOUTUBE
GL Gardini and PW Lambert
(Eds), Latin American Foreign Policies. Between Ideology
and Pragmatism, Palgrave MacMillan, New York, 2011
In recent years several Latin American countries have adopted
a more assertive and autonomous stance in their foreign policy.
The growing rejection of neo-liberalism as an ideological
dogma seems to have given space to more pragmatic stances
in favour of national interests. Whilst ideological discourse
continues to be directed towards both domestic and international
audiences with varying intensities and tones, it appears to
be combined with clearly pragmatic policies and aims. This
book reviews the foreign policy of eleven Latin American countries
and argues that a combination of pragmatism and ideology characterises
contemporary Latin American approaches to international relations.
It analyses whether this is a permanent or contingent feature,
what factors affect the mix of pragmatism and ideology, and
whether this is an identifiable new pattern of foreign policy
in Latin America
"Gian Luca Gardini and Peter Lambert's collection
takes an innovative approach to interamerican international relations and
examines foreign policy design from the side of the individual Latin American
countries, collating the studies in a volume to enable a regional perspective. The
editors have lined up a range of distinguished contributors to discuss an impressive
range of countries'. [...] The variety of authors, ranging from the United States
to Latin America, Canada, and Europe, provides a rich and pluralistic analysis. [...] Gardini's chapter on regional integration is a particularly excellent contribution. [...] The text is both engaging and rich, rendering the volume a most welcome
addition to the international relations literature. The book is excellent for students of the international relations of Latin America, scholars, and those involved in the more practical side of policy development and implementation in the region. Gardini and Lambert's use of an innovative analytical framework renders the volume a most important contribution to the understanding of contemporary interamerican relations". - Benedict Hayes, Latin American Politics and Society, 55:1, 2013, pp. 176-178
"This volume chronicles the coming of age of Latin American
foreign policy in the past two decades. Rare among edited
volumes, the authors use the same framework to analyze the
foreign policies of 11 Latin American countries. In the new
millennium as Latin Americans define their own future, the
Gardini and Lambert book is indispensable"' - Robert
A. Pastor, Professor at American University and Former National
Security Advisor for Latin American Affairs
"This timely and thorough volume addresses the fascinating
and much overlooked component of Latin American foreign policies
in the current globalized era. We are used to believing that
Latin America is always on the receiving end of diplomacy,
but this volume's well-researched contributions force us to
reconsider our assumptions." - Russell Crandall, Professor
of international politics, Davidson College and author of
The United States and Latin America after the Cold War
"A volume such as this one is long overdue. In the first
decade of the 21st century, unprecedented domestic political
change and a shift in global power structures allowed Latin
American states to greatly enhance their global presence,
both individually and collectively. Gardini and Lambert dissect
this process by bringing together wide-ranging case studies
of the recent foreign policies of 11 key Latin American states.
The line-up of distinguished contributors is impressive, and
the result is a volume that subtly analyses the tradeoffs
between ideology and pragmatism in regional policy making.
The book will prove useful to academics and policy makers
alike."- Timothy J. Power, Director, Latin American
Centre, University of Oxford
"One of the most valuable assets among the many of this
book is the enduring quality of the overall framework that
serves as the basis for analysis throughout the volume."-
David Scott Palmer, Professor of International Relations,
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Gardini, The Origins of Mercosur,
Palgrave MacMillan, New York, 2010
The processes of democratization and
regionalization in South America ran parallel to one another
between 1985 and 1991. However, the nature of this relationship
has been historically ambiguous. This book explores the diplomatic
history of the formation of Mercosur and analyzes the precise
place of democracy in the process. At the methodological level,
a combination of hitherto unexamined documents and extensive
interview material makes for a novel oral history approach
to diplomatic studies. At the theoretical level, a melding
of cognitive approaches to foreign policy making and realist
theory of international relations provides a nuanced but systematic
explanation of events.
"The origins of Mercosur and the nature of the
rapprochement between Brazil and Argentina on which Mercosur was built have been neglected. It is this gap that this well-researched and well-written book seeks to fill – and succeeds in filling. [..] The historical account gives a crisp overview of the history of relations between Brazil and Argentina. [...] Full of insightful arguments and suggestive lines of analysis". - Andrew Hurrell, Oxford University, The Journal of Latin American Studies, 44:3, August 2012, pp. 599-601
"A work of notable originality
that makes a significant contribution to our knowledge of
the politics of regionalization. I admire what Gardini has
achieved." - Philippe Schmitter, Professorial Fellow
of Political Science, European University Institute and 2009
Johan Skytte Prize in Political Science
"Gardini has achieved a thorough
and persuasive analysis of the political, economic, and social
conditions that shaped the Argentine-Brazilian strategic agreement
and later led to the creation of Mercosur. His study places
equally in prespective the interest in defending reacquired
democracy in the Southern Cone and the weight of economic
factors and interests. The book exhaustively explores the
ultimate reasons for the end of indifference, or even confrontation,
between the two bigger economies in South America." -
Roberto Lavagna, Minister of the Economy of Argentina 2002-2005
"The level of details that Gardini
provides, the care with which he considers the different opinions
in the literature and between his respondents, and the caution
and clarity with which he writes are all convincing. Excellent
revisioninst history." - Geoffrey Hawthorn, Formerly
Professor of International Politics, University of Cambridge
"This is exceptionally well-grounded,
both empirically and theoretically [...] The methodology used
is of great relevance: without pre-established positions,
seeking out the written sources and valuing in-depth interviews.
The fact that he gives credit to certain idealist principles
and recognises the role of ideas and values whilst not disregarding
the significance of interests, demonstrates an excellent handling
of the theoretical tools, without any sign of misuse."
- Tullo Vigevani, Professor of Political Science and International
Relations, Sao Paulo State University.
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GL Gardini, L'America
Latina nel XXI Secolo, Carocci, Roma, 2009
NOW AVAILABE IN ENGLISH:
GL Gardini, Latin America in the 21st Century, Zed
Twenty-first century Latin America is a vast continent, rich
in history, culture and political and social experimentation.
This book analyses contemporary developments in Latin America
adopting an analytical framework based on three tensions:
rhetoric vs. pragmatism, unity vs. diversity, and change vs.
continuity. These tensions are especially evident at the three
interconnected levels that define the structure of the book:
the state, the region and the international position of Latin
At the state level, leaders such as Lula of Brazil or Chavez
of Venezuela embody a renewed intellectual autonomy in the
continent but there are significant discrepancies between
their discourse and their actions. At the regional level,
while a consensus emerges over Latin American unity as the
only way towards development, the existence of several competing
schemes of regional economic and political integration, such
as MERCOSUR, ALBA and UNASUR reflect the actual diversity
of the continent. At the global level, on the one hand, elements
of change such as the rise of Brazil, the availability of
non-traditional partners like China are evident; on the other,
the search of triangular relations, with the EU or China as
an alternative to the US, and the crucial political, economic
and ideational role of Washington represent traits of continuity
with the recent and less recent past.
Overall, it is argued, Latin America has never been so well-off,
so autonomous, so effective in its quest for endogenous development
and so well positioned in the world as it is at the beginning
of the twenty-first century.
REVIEWS of the Italian
"This book is valuable not only to experts and scholars
in Latin American and EU external relations but to all those
interested in understanding the political and international
relations of this fascinating part of the world. The book
exhaustively examines the politics of the countries of Latin
America at the beginning of the new millennium". - The
International Spectator, June 2010.
"While the subject is complex, the reading is easy.
The book represents a complete text for those looking for
a 360° overview of the social, political and international
situation in this area". Affari Internazionali.
Book of the month April 2010.
"The book combines a pleasant and accessible reading
with scientific rigour. It is suitable for both the general
reader interested in contemporary international affairs and
for those with a specific interest in Latin America".
- Friuli nel Mondo, February 2010.
PRAISE for the English
Edition (2012): Latin America in the 21st Century
] an approachable, lucid and readable introduction
to contemporary issues in Latin America. The book has the
merits of making complex issues comprehensible without distorting
them and of placing questions raised by social scientists
in a clear context of contemporary history". Christopher
Abel, Reader in Latin American History, University College,
"The book has a strong and highly relevant analytical
framework (rhetoric vs. pragmatism, unity vs. diversity, and
change vs. continuity) and is innovative in its approach.
It combines academic rigour with an impressive breadth of
coverage". Peter W. Lambert, Senior Lecturer in Latin
American Politics, University of Bath, and formerly President
of the UK Society of Latin American Studies (SLAS).
Bath model & philosophy
Postgraduate students at Shandong
University, PRC, in November 2006. The European
Research Institute is a pioneer in EU-China Programmes.
The 2007 Political
Studies Association (PSA) annual Conference was held in
Bath. Dr Gardini, local organiser, with PSA Director J. Arthurs.
academia and practice
Dr Di Bernardo, formerly UN
high official and Dr Gardini on a cooperation mission of the
Friuli-Venezia Giulia Region to Santa Maria, Brazil, 2004.
Research & dissemination:
Dr Gardini at the panel on Mercosur during the 7th ISA CISS
Millennium Conference in Bucaco, Portugal, June 2007.
is an enriching experience
The excitement of learning
and teaching, even more so overseas. Dr Gardini lecturing
at Shandong University, Jinan, PRC, 2006.
Latin America and International
Latin American Network is the focal point for Latin
Americanists in Bath. Dr Gardini was its founder and is
currently its coordinator.